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The first to play or lead, places the mat, delivers the jack and centres it before attempting to bowl as close as possible to the jack.
The second plays after the leads and his duty is to keep the score card and scoreboard up to date.
The third may be called upon to playdifferent types of shots in order to score more, or to place bowls tactically to protect an advantage. The third may also advise the skip on choice of shots, and agrees the number of shots scored, measuring if required.
The skip is in overall charge of the rink, directs the other players on choice of shots and tries to build the “head” of bowls to his or her advantage.
The normal game formats are as follows:
In Singles, the two opponents deliver four bowls alternately. The first to reach 21 shots is the winner.
For Pairs, the players deliver four bowls each alternatively against their opposing team. The team scoring the most shots after 18 ends is the winner.
In the Triples game, the lead, second and skip deliver three bowls each alternatively against their opposing team, for 18 ends. However there are many permitted variations.
Matches may be men only, women or mixed. The game is reasonably simple but like most sports, to play consistently well demands determination, concentration and practice.